Validating the Simplified Endoscopic Mucosal Assessment for Crohn’s Disease: A Novel Method for Assessing Disease Activity.
Jeremy Adler, Richard B Colletti, Lenore Noonan, Tyler M Berzin, Adam S Cheifetz, Laurie S Conklin, Timothy C Hoops, Christopher S Huang, Blair Lewis, Daniel S Mishkin, Kim Hung Lo, Yongling Xiao, Sheri Volger
Published in Sep 2022, Inflammatory bowel diseases.
Background To demonstrate treatment efficacy in Crohn’s disease (CD), regulatory authorities require that trials include an endoscopic remission/response end point; however, standardized endoscopic assessment of disease activity, such as the Simple Endoscopic Score for Crohn’s Disease (SES-CD), is not typically recorded by clinicians in practice or outside of clinical trials. The novel Simplified Endoscopic Mucosal Assessment for Crohn’s Disease (SEMA-CD) was developed to be easy to use in routine clinical practice and as a trial end point. We conducted a study to assess and validate the reliability and feasibility of SEMA-CD as a measure of endoscopic disease activity.
Methods Pre- and post-treatment ileocolonoscopy videos of pediatric (n = 36) and adult (n = 74) CD patients from 2 ustekinumab clinical trials were each scored with SEMA-CD by 2 to 3 professional central readers, blinded to clinical history and other video scorings; the correlation between SEMA-CD and SES-CD previously completed during the trials was assessed. Sensitivity to change, inter- and intrarater reliability, and comparative ease of scoring were also assessed.
Results The SEMA-CD strongly correlated with SES-CD (Spearman ρ = 0.89; 95% confidence interval, 0.86-0.92). Pre- to post-treatment changes in SEMA-CD vs in SES-CD were strongly correlated, and the correlation remained strong between the scores when compared by study population (pediatric, adult), disease severity, and video quality. Intra- and inter-rater reliability were good, and SEMA-CD was rated easier than SES-CD to score 63.0% of the time, although slightly more difficult than SES-CD to score <1.0% of the time.
Conclusions The SEMA-CD is reliable, reproducible, sensitive to change, and easy to use in both pediatric and adult patients with CD.