Therapeutic Potential of Human Intestinal Organoids in Tissue Repair Approaches in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Duncan Rutherford, MBChB, Gwo-Tzer Ho, PhD, FRCP
Published: 24 April 2023, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are chronic immune-mediated conditions characterized by significant gut tissue damage due to uncontrolled inflammation. Anti-inflammatory treatments have improved, but there are no current prorepair approaches. Organoids have developed into a powerful experimental platform to study mechanisms of human diseases.
Here, we specifically focus on its role as a direct tissue repair modality in IBD. We discuss the scientific rationale for this, recent parallel advances in scientific technologies (CRISPR [clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats]/Cas9 and metabolic programming), and in addition, the clinical IBD context in which this therapeutic approach is tractable. Finally, we review the translational roadmap for the application of organoids and the need for this as a novel direction in IBD.