Temporal trend of disease recognition, treatment paradigm, and clinical outcomes of Crohn disease in Thailand from 2000 through 2017: Is early use of thiopurines beneficial?
Julajak Limsrivilai, Satimai Aniwan, Asawin Sudcharoen, Natapat Chaisidhivej, Piyaphan Prueksapanich, Nonthalee Pausawasdi, Phunchai Charatcharoenwitthaya, Supot Pongprasobchai, Sathaporn Manassatit
Published Dec 2020, in the Medicine (Baltimore)
Abstract The prevalence of Crohn disease (CD) is increasing in Asia, but data from Southeast Asian population are scarce.The databases of 2 university-based national tertiary referral centers located in Bangkok, Thailand, were retrospectively reviewed for adult patients diagnosed with CD during January 2000 to December 2017. Disease characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes were described and compared between the 2000 to 2009 cohort (cohort A) and the 2010 to 2017 cohort (cohort B).One hundred eighty-two patients (mean age: 46.4 years, 50% male) with 993 patient-years of follow-up were included. Thirteen percent had a history of intestinal resection, but were not diagnosed until disease recurrence. Another 6% were diagnosed at the time of first surgery. There was no improvement in diagnostic proficiency between cohorts. Mesalamine, corticosteroids, thiopurines, and biologics were prescribed in 75.8%, 81.3%, 84.6%, and 13.7% of patients, respectively (P > .05 between cohorts). Notably, thiopurines were started earlier in cohort B. Median time to the start of thiopurines was 6.2 and 1.65 months in cohort A and B, respectively (P < .01). However, the cumulative 5-year rates of disease behavior progression (P = .43), hospitalization (P = .14), and bowel surgery (P = .29) were not significantly different between cohorts. Subgroup analysis including only patients who required thiopurines showed the early use of thiopurines to be associated with lower risk of intestinal surgery after diagnosis (hazard ratio: 0.30, 95% confidence interval: 0.11-0.85).Early disease recognition and early introduction of immunomodulators may prevent long-term complications and reduce unnecessary surgery in CD.
Conflict of interest statement All authors declare no personal or professional conflicts of interest, and no financial support from the companies that produce and/or distribute the drugs, devices, or materials described in this report.