Updated: Aug 25
Patient-derived Colonoids From Disease-spared Tissue Retain Inflammatory Bowel Disease-specific Transcriptomic Signatures
Tatiana A. Karakasheva, Yusen Zhou, Hongbo M. Xie, Gloria E. Soto, Tiana D. Johnson, Madison A. Stoltz, Daana M. Roach, Noor Nema, Chizoba N. Umeweni, Kaitlyn Naughton, Lauren Dolinsky, James A. Pippin , Andrew D. Wells, Struan F.A. Grant, Louis Ghanem , Natalie Terry, Amanda B. Muir, Kathryn E. Hamilton
Published in Gastro Hep Advances, May 2023
A key histopathological feature of inflammatory bowel disease is damage to the mucosa, including breakdown of the epithelial barrier. Human enteroids and colonoids are a critical bench-to-bedside tool for studying the epithelium in inflammatory bowel disease. The goal of the current study was to define transcriptional differences in healthy versus diseased subjects that are sustained in enteroids and colonoids, including from disease-spared tissue.
Biopsies and matching enteroid or colonoid cultures from pediatric patients with ileal Crohn disease (N = 6) and control subjects (N = 17) were subjected to RNA sequencing followed by bioinformatic and machine learning analyses. Late passage enteroids were exposed to cytokines to assess durable transcriptional differences.
We observed substantial overlap of pathways upregulated in Crohn disease in enteroids and ileal biopsies, as well as colonoids and rectal biopsies. KEGG pathways for cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, chemokine signaling, protein export, and Toll-like receptor signaling were upregulated in both ileal and rectal biopsies, as well as enteroids and colonoids. In vitro cytokine exposure reactivated genes previously increased in biopsies. Machine learning predicted biopsy location (100% accuracy) and donor disease status (83% accuracy). A random forest classifier generated using ileal enteroids identified rectal colonoids from ileal Crohn disease subjects with 80% accuracy.
We confirmed transcriptional profiles of Crohn disease biopsies are expressed in enteroids and colonoids. Furthermore, transcriptomic data from disease-spared rectal tissue can identify patients with ileal Crohn disease. Our data support the use of patient enteroids and colonoids as critical translational tools for the study of inflammatory bowel disease.