Inflammatory bowel disease: An Indian perspective Jain M, Venkataraman J Published Apr 2021, in the Indian Journal of medical research.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in recent times is causing a significant healthcare burden as both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease (CD) require lifelong therapy and constant monitoring. The current review highlights the concerns in a country like India with special reference to the changing trends of IBD, risk attribution and the financial issues. Indian immigrants behave like residential Indians, whereas their children show IBD prevalence similar to the West, highlighting the role of environmental triggers. However, the environmental and genetic factors in Indians with IBD are not well understood. Men appear to be more frequently affected than women in India. The disease severity is milder in the patients, both males and females, but the risk for colorectal cancer (CRC) is similar to the West. The incidence of paediatric IBD is on the rise. The major burden of IBD in the Indian subcontinent at present is in children, adolescents and teens. Cost towards the management of complications, non-adherence to treatment, differentiating tuberculosis from CD and finally screening for CRC in patients with IBD are the points to ponder in the Indian scenario.
Keywords: Burden; Crohn's disease; epidemiology; inflammatory bowel disease; prevalence; ulcerative colitis.