Effect of risankizumab on health-related quality of life in patients with Crohn's disease
Effect of risankizumab on health-related quality of life in patients with Crohn's disease: results from phase 3 MOTIVATE, ADVANCE and FORTIFY clinical trials.
Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Subrata Ghosh, Scott D. Lee, Wan-Ju Lee, Jenny Griffith, Kori Wallace, Sofie Berg, Xiaomei Liao, Julian Panes, Edward V. Loftus Jr, Edouard Louis
Published: 20 October 2022
Background Crohn's disease has a substantial negative impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL).Aim To examine the effects of risankizumab on HRQoL in Crohn's disease.
Methods We analysed data from patients with Crohn's disease from 12-week induction trials ADVANCE (N = 850) and MOTIVATE (N = 569) with risankizumab 600 mg or 1200 mg intravenous (IV) versus placebo IV and a 52-week maintenance trial FORTIFY (N = 462) with risankizumab 180 or 360 mg subcutaneous (SC) versus placebo SC. Outcomes included Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F), 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), EuroQol 5-Dimension-5-Level (EQ-5D-5L) and work productivity. The mean change and percentages of patients achieving clinically meaningful improvement in all outcomes were determined at weeks 12 and 52.
Results At week 12, more patients in the risankizumab 600 or 1200 mg groups achieved IBDQ response than with placebo (ADVANCE: 70.2%, 75.5% vs. 47.8%, p ≤ 0.001; MOTIVATE: 61.7%, 68.5% vs. 48.2%, p ≤ 0.01) and FACIT-F response (ADVANCE: 51.3%, 48.0% vs. 35.7%, p ≤ 0.01; MOTIVATE: 44.2%, 49.1% vs. 33.7%, p < 0.05). These improvements persisted at week 52 with risankizumab maintenance treatment. Similar trends were observed for SF-36 physical and mental component summary scores, EQ-5D-5L and activity impairment within work productivity measures.
Conclusions Risankizumab induction therapy (600 or 1200 mg IV) led to clinically meaningful improvements in disease-specific and general patient-reported outcomes, including fatigue, in patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease. These improvements were sustained after 52 weeks of risankizumab (180 or 360 mg SC) maintenance therapy.