Health-Related Quality of Life Outcomes With Tofacitinib Treatment in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis in the Open-Label Extension Study, OCTAVE Open
Luc Biedermann, MD, Marla C Dubinsky, MD, Séverine Vermeire, MD, Marc Fellmann, PhD, Sean Gardiner, MD, Peter Hur, PharmD, Rajiv Mundayat, MSc, Julian Panés, MD, David T Rubin, MD
Published: 15 October 2022
Background Tofacitinib is an oral small molecule Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of ulcerative colitis. We report health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes in patients with ulcerative colitis in the phase 3 open-label, long-term extension study, OCTAVE Open.
Methods The Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ), EuroQoL-5 Dimensions Health Questionnaire, and 36-Item Short Form Survey scores were analyzed up to month (M) 72 in 4 subpopulations: patients in remission at baseline (maintenance remitters) assigned tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily and patients not in remission at baseline (maintenance nonremitters, maintenance treatment failures, and induction nonresponders [IndNRs]) assigned tofacitinib 10 mg twice daily in OCTAVE Open. Data were analyzed overall and stratified by corticosteroid use at baseline, prior tumor necrosis factor inhibitor failure, and prior immunosuppressant failure.
Results Among maintenance remitters and nonremitters, HRQoL outcomes were maintained up to M72: 80.0% and 100.0% of patients had an IBDQ total score ≥170, respectively. At baseline, 7.4% of maintenance treatment failures had an IBDQ total score ≥170, and this increased to 54.3% and 75.0% at M2 and M72, respectively. Corresponding values for IndNRs were 22.6%, 51.0%, and 86.0%. HRQoL outcomes were independent of treatment history. Among patients not in remission at baseline, improvement in EuroQoL-5 Dimensions Health Questionnaire and 36-Item Short Form Survey scores was maintained or achieved by M2, and steady to M72 or M33, with maintenance treatment failures and IndNR subpopulations undergoing the biggest improvements from baseline.
Conclusions A continued favorable impact on HRQoL was revealed with long-term tofacitinib treatment in OCTAVE Open, regardless of baseline remission status or treatment history.