Capsule endoscopy in inflammatory bowel disease: when and how
Ida Hilmi, Taku Kobayashi
Published Jul 2020, in the Intestinal research
Abstract Capsule endoscopy (CE) is emerging as an important investigation in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); common types include the standard small bowel CE and colon CE. More recently, the pan-enteric CE was developed to assess the large and small bowel in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). Emerging indications include noninvasive assessment for mucosal healing (both in the small bowel and the colon) and detection of postoperative recurrence in patients with CD. Given the increasing adoption, several CE scoring systems have been specifically developed for IBD. The greatest concern with performing CE, particularly in CD, is capsule retention, but this can be overcome by performing cross-sectional imaging such as magnetic resonance enterography and using patency capsules before performing the procedure. The development of software for automated detection of mucosal abnormalities typically seen in IBD may further increase its adoption.
Keywords: Capsule endoscopy; Colitis, ulcerative; Crohn disease; Inflammatory bowel disease.
Conflict of interest statement CONFLICT OF INTEREST No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.